Чем отличается Mr, Mrs, Miss, Ms…?Обращение господин / госпожа в переписке на английском

Перевод статьи на русский находиться под английским текстом =)

The answer to how to use titles for men and women effectively lies at the junction between business etiquette, social graces, and personal preferences. For man always uses by "Mr." or "Mister" and this doesn`t depend on his marital status, but at the same time the way you refer to a woman can offend her, so the best variant is to ask if you’re unsure.

Let’s try to find the appropriate way to use all of this titles. After that we will look on the ways in which you can offed someone by using the wrong title.

How to refer to men and boys

Always use "Mr." when referring to a man, his marital status doesn`t matter.

Also, you can address young man “Master”, the only is do not use it for adults. So if you’re writing an invitation for some kind of event to an 10-year-old boy, it’s normal to address him like: "Master Name Surname."

For an adult man it is ok to address him as "Mister" or "Mr." Always use the abbreviation "Mr" for British English or "Mr." for American English when you use it as a title.

How to refer to women and girls

When to use Miss

We address young girls as "Miss." It’s usually safer to address women in their 20s "Miss," but anyway it would be better to try to determine their preference for titles before using them.

When to use Ms.

Sometimes you could go wrong with addressing a woman as "Ms." Since women today don`t want to be distinguished by their marital status, addressing an adult woman as "Ms." is much more safer than address her as "Miss" or "Mrs.". However, it would be great if you ask her about the title she prefers, especially if you’re unsure of her marital status.

When to use Mrs.

As well as being used for married women, some widowed or divorced women still refer to themselves as "Mrs." You can’t assume that someone using the title "Mrs." has a spouse; they just might want to still be referred to as "Mrs." Especially for older, widowed women, it might offend them if you addressed them as "Ms." ___________________________________________________________________________________________

В английском языке существуют разные варианты сокращений, например, Mr, Mrs, Miss, Ms, – и если еще можно понять, чем отличается от всех сокращений Mr, то с остальными у многих людей, изучающих английский язык, возникают трудности. Mr / ’mɪstər/ – мистер – используется в тех случаях, когда мы говорим о мужчине, неважно, женатом или не женатом. Употребляется с фамилией человека: Mr. Brendson is a handsome man. Mrs / ˈmɪsɪz/ – миссис – используется, когда мы говорим о замужней женщине/девушке. Употребляется с фамилией женщины/девушки: Mrs. Smith is playing tennis. Miss / mɪs / – мисс – употребляется, когда мы говорим о женщине/девушке, которая не замужем. Употребляется с фамилией женщины/девушки: Look! This is Miss Holmes. Ms / mɪz// məz/ – мисс – если нам неизвестно, замужем девушка или нет. Обычно употребляется с фамилией женщины/девушки: Give this book to Ms. Wood.

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